Sports, Pain & Regenerative
What Are The Most Common Sports Related Injuries
When working out or training, it is easy to sustain sports related injuries. This happens especially frequently in the summer when the weather is perfect for sports. Learn about the most common injuries and how to recognize them.
Spraining or Tearing a Ligament
This can occur when a joint is forced into an abnormal position. Athletes who play team sports or contact sports are more susceptible to this because they tend to switch directions quickly or run into each other during a game. These actions put strain on weight-bearing joints, making more prone to injury. Ligament sprains or tears can also be caused by landing unnaturally after a jump or accidentally twisting a knee, ankle or wrist.
It is important to know how to recognize such an injury as an athlete so that you can stop your training or exercise and get treatment to prevent worse damage. Sprained or torn ligaments can cause swelling and inflammation at the site of the injury. They can also result in numbness, pain, pressure or a tingling sensation. The injured joint may be unstable and the affected limb may be unable to bear weight. The area of injury may also feel warm to the touch.
In such cases, it is highly recommended to reduce usage of the injured joint or limb and get treatment.
Straining a Muscle
This occurs when a muscle is forced beyond its limit. In mild cases, the muscle fibers are only stressed and the muscle remains intact. In severe cases, the muscle fibers can tear, leaving the muscle with an inability to function normally. The affected muscle takes a long time to recover in such instances.
Many sports come with risks of muscles strains but sports that encourage quick change in movements, like basketball, football or tennis, are especially likely to cause them. Muscle strains can result in tenderness and pain, particularly when the muscle is extended. The pain is usually more prominent when the muscle is moved and subsides with rest. There may also be swelling, discoloration, cramps, spasms, a dent in the surface of the muscle and/or the inability to use the muscle.
This type of injury occurs more often for people who mainly practice one sport. It is usually the result of one motion being repeated again and again for a long period of time without rest. Since the same muscles, ligaments, tendons or bones are used repeatedly without pause, this can lead to overuse and thus injury. To prevent this, it is essential to incorporate frequent breaks into your workout or training as well as off days to rest your body.
Two common types of overuse injuries include stress fractures and shin splints. Stress fractures are tiny bone fractures that can get bigger over time. These occur when bones are put under so much pressure or stress that they crack. Stress fractures form slowly over time and can be hard to detect because swelling is usually the only symptom. However, rest is highly important for the affected bone to heal.
Shin splints are tenderness and pain affecting the lower leg bone. Excessive running can result in this injury. To prevent it, athletes should try to run on softer surfaces like grass and wear shoes that provide good support. Shin splints can be easily treated by icing the area and with sufficient rest.